Epiphany – January 6


Epiphany is also known as Three Kings’ day which is a celebration to inspiration of God in his Son as man in Jesus Christ in Christianity. As a word epiphany comes from Koine Greek, epiphaneia which means appearance then it becomes meaning of to appear. Also in the New Testament it used to refer both birth of Christ and five times for Second Coming.



The earliest findings about epiphany comes from Ammaianus Marcellinus who is a famous soldier and historian at lll. century. He also listed that day twice to offer double feast of baptism and birth. However, Epiphanius of Salamis, who is Cypriot bishop and considered saint and Chruch Father by Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches, points 6 January is Christ’s Birthday, so that is His Epiphany. He also claims that January 6 is also day of Miracle at Cana. He designated Baptism to November 6. Moreover, in 385, Silvia, who is also known as pilgrim Egeria, announced a celebration in Jerussalem and Bethiehem, which she named Epiphany regarding Nativity. Then in 5th century, even Saint John Cassian claim that Egyptian monasteries celebrate Navity and Baptism together on January 6, the Armenian Apostolic Church continues to greet only January 6 as the only ceremony of Nativity.


Public life

In that day, people feast in this day and many Christians in Canada join several activities in churches to getting together to reach and understand the logic behind this day. Actually, Epiphany activities and celebration events depend culture by culture. In English tradition, people wear masks or costumes to hide their identity than they dance or perform songs in front of their friends or neighbors. Ad also commonly men play the role of women of course while they are hiding their real identity. Despite English tradition, in Philippines three men or boys dressed as the Tatlong Hari and ride around on a horse while they are giving candies to children. They are a symbol of gift-givers like Santa Claus.

In Additional!

Epiphany day is also visible in music; Johann Sebastian Bach created 2 cantatas for feast of that day which are “Sie warden aus Saba alle kommen BWV 65 and Liebster Immanuel, Herzog der Frommen, BWV 123”.


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