About 500 years ago on October the first time Christopher Columbus reached to America, so it was the beginning of a great history and country. So, each second Monday of October is celebrated as Columbus Day to remember and honor the fathers of the land.
Even there are opposite ideas, Columbus who are European, is considered as a pioneer of creating a new world in America continent by majority of people. The others claim that Vikings explored this land many years ago. Also indigenous people, who was living in America before Columbus team arrived there, say that we already were living there before they come, so this is not a kind of exploration.
In 1906, Columbus Day was the first time considered as an official holiday in Colorado. Then 31 years later, the day became federal holiday in United States. That day is also celebrated as a Day of the Race in Latin America and some other Latino societies in USA. In addition, there are also some controversial issues on the holiday, because lots of people say that this exploration caused death of thousands of indigenous people in the land.
The main reason is behind this idea is that bloody fights and conflicts between new explorer groups and native people. Of course relation between this terrible result and Columbus action is still arguing because there is no a certain kind of evidence to prove it. However, this is a fact that after Columbus exploration variety of culture also arrived the land. Settling, developing and living in this new lands leads to occurring a new history. Also, meeting European culture with indigenous people’s culture created a unique and authentic cultural base for these people.
In Columbus day, because it is a federal holiday, majority of stores and shopping centers are closed. However, some states do not accept the one day off in this day. In governmental services, public transportation runs according to more restricted schedule which is very different from regular one. Post offices are also closed during Columbus Day except private businesses. As it was mentioned above, in some states life continue as regular. Shops, stores are opened and governmental public services run as normal as but to ensure it will be better to check your post office, stores etc. before go there because some people and businesses tend to give voluntary holiday on October 9.